Comment by the Information and Press Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia in connection with the suspension of some of obligations under JCPOA by Iran
We accepted with understanding the decision of the Islamic Republic of Iran to suspend the implementation of part of its voluntarily assumed obligations under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA).
We condemn the actions of the United States, which not only withdrew from the JCPOA a year ago, and then in violation of UN Security Council Resolution 2231 defiantly imposed unilateral restrictions against Iran, but also try to apply measures of economic and political pressure in order to encourage other states not to comply with the mentioned resolution, to prevent their normal economic cooperation with Iran.
We acknowledge that Tehran’s clear and scrupulous fulfillment of its obligations under the JCPOA was not in doubt. It is confirmed by 14 reports of the IAEA Director General on verification and monitoring in Iran.
At the same time, Tehran, unfortunately, did not receive the full economic return that was provided for it in the framework of the Action Plan.
In this situation, we understand Iran’s references to p. 26 and p. 36 of the JCPOA. They create an opportunity for Tehran in case of non-compliance with the Plan of Action by other States parties to abandon part of their obligations, which, we recall, were assumed voluntarily and were respected in the context of the implementation of the overall package of agreements.
At the same time, we urge Iran to refrain from taking further steps to curtail the fulfillment of obligations under the JCPOA, and all the States parties to the “nuclear deal” to comply with their obligations under the Plan of Action, speed up the implementation of projects implemented in accordance with comprehensive agreements, in particular the modernization of the reactor in Arak.
In addition, it is necessary to drastically speed up the launch of a special payment mechanism “Instex”, designed to facilitate trade transactions with Iran. The talks about such a mechanism has been going on since last July. Foreign Ministers of the participating countries of the JCPOA spoke in support of its establishment at a meeting in New York in September 2018. We expect that all countries that continue their trade and economic cooperation with Iran, including Russia, will be able to take advantage of this mechanism.
We urge everyone not to cut down such economic ties, including purchase of Iranian products, primarily energy resources.
We insist that Washington stops any actions that impede the interaction of other states with Iran in the financial, economic, political and other spheres. For now, we still see Washington keeping to its line. The United States has just introduced a new package of sanctions affecting the metallurgical industry of Iran. We strongly condemn this step.
We reaffirm the key role of the IAEA in conducting inspections of Iran’s implementation of its commitments in the field of nuclear non-proliferation.
We express our readiness to continue to cooperate with Tehran, both within the framework of the JCPOA, and to promote other bilateral projects. In particular, we intend to continue work on the conversion of the former uranium-enrichment plant in Fordo to the production of stable isotopes, as well as on the construction of the Bushehr NPP.
The seriousness of what is happening dictates the need to convene a meeting of the Joint Commission provided for by the JCPOA, under which the parties to the agreement, including Iran, could determine ways to normalize the situation, collectively outline a road map for moving forward in the interest of preserving the agreement, which is of particular importance in terms of maintaining regional and global security.