07 february / 2019

“Computer attacks against the information resources of the Russian Federation, facts and figures”: Briefing of the Deputy Director of the National Coordination Center for computer incidents Nikolay Murashov

Computer attacks, their sources and consequences have recently become a favorite topic of the foreign mass media that keep blaming Russia for the majority of hacker attacks, but in doing so they do not present any proof that can be subject to an expert analysis. Moreover, Russian information space is not considered as a part of the global one, thought it its and it shares all the problems of the global cyberspace.

In 2018 only, Russian information resources faced more than 4 billion attempts of electronic influence, 17 000 of them were classified as most dangerous computer attacks. In comparison, in 2017 there were 2.4 billion attempts and 12 500 dangerous attacks.

The 25 whole million attacks were carried out against the information infrastructure of the FIFA Cup 2018. Russia was also affected by the ‘epidemics’ of the coder-virus ‘WannaCry’ in 2017. Russia has been repeatedly subject to politically-motivated computer attacks, which were implemented during public events, for instance, during the winter Olympic games in Sochi in 2014. A wave of attacks was registered during the annual ‘Hot line’ with the President V.Putin in June 2018 and presidential elections, held in March 2018. The attacks were targeting video surveillance system at the polling stations all over the country. Russian experts have done much work: more than 20 000 sources of attacks have been eliminated, 100 000 malwares have been detected and analyzed. Experts revealed that they were dealing with a foreign intelligence service.

Leading IT companies provided 2016/17 data that stated the sources of malicious Internet activity: the majority of such sources originate in the USA and the EU. It is there that the IT producers often disregard safety testing of their products, which leads to the exposure of diverse vulnerabilities. Many companies, whose clients are special services of different clients, including NSA of the USA, trade the data about such vulnerabilities and thus cause global epidemics, such as ‘WannaCry’, ‘NotPetya’, ‘BadRabbit’.

In the current climate an international ban of producing malwares can strengthen the security of users. Russia has already done it: in accordance with the Art. 273 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, the creation of malicious programs is a crime. However, most countries have not introduced such a ban yet. Moreover, the representatives of the USA, the UK and the EU impede the adoption of any recommendations for the criminalization of such activity at various forums discussing the issues of providing international cyber security. They also block Russian initiatives in the UN, aimed at securing international cyberspace.

Russia considers that the effective resistance to computer attacks is possible in a joint effort of all the parties concerned, primarily of national authorized bodies in the field of detecting and preventing hacker attacks.

We invite all interested parties for open and equal cooperation, aimed at preventing the emergence of conflicts in cyberspace.